Italy is a man-made land, not only in terms of urban and suburban areas, but also in terms of rural areas: hills or valleys are spotted by typical buildings, usually used for agricultural or property management, and usually recognizable by their typologies and materials. These buildings are made of brick, stone or even soil, with a maximum height of 2 floors, external staircase and pitched roof covered in tiles.
These ancient and old houses, were not constructed as a result of soil tests anyway they were able to adapt to the movements of the ground, without being damaged by geological problems, thanks to their simple structure.
This is Peres House: a small building located in Teramo, just in the countryside next to the town. One half of the house stays on an hard soil, while the other half on clay soil. Influenced by seasonal variations in moisture content of the clay soil the external walls reveal several striking lesions not threaten the statics of the building in any way. The owner asked to stop these lesions. Normally we would have proceed with an expensive foundation’s consolidation, but it was too much just to get a “cosmetic surgery”.
We therefore opted for an economical and environmentally friendly solution that we thought could act as a model for similar intervention: we simply covered the external lesions with gratings.
The project try to simultaneously solve aesthetic problems related to the ongoing reform of superficial lesions of the external plaster, and to give a new formal dresses to front views at the same time, creating new synergies and clamps with the rural context.
Through the use of gratings and low cost precast concrete, facades are turned into vegetable gardens and vertical Giardini.
The operation seems trivial but in fact gratings became a way to both integrate the house in the countryside as also to clearly define public, semi public and private spaces. While covering defects in the facade, the plants improve the microclimate of the house. At the same time when needed, several deciduous plants let the sun warm the walls during the winter.
The action then, even if small, tryed to be both economically and environmentally sustainable.